Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease usually affecting the lungs (pulmonary TB). Other parts of the body can also be affected, for example lymph nodes, kidneys, bones, joints, etc. (extrapulmonary TB). Approximately 1,300 cases are reported each year in New York State. Tuberculosis can affect anyone of any age. People with weakened immune systems are at increased risk.
Tuberculosis is spread through the air when a person with untreated pulmonary TB coughs or sneezes. Prolonged exposure to a person with untreated TB usually is necessary for infection to occur.
Hamilton County Public Health provides TB testing free of charge to any person in a high risk occupation (healthcare) or persons with weakened immune systems. Contact the Communicable Disease staff at 518-648-6497 for further information.